Siracusa, the ancient Syracuse is a historical city located in the southeast corner of Sicily notable for its rich Greek history, culture, amphitheaters and architecture. Ortigia being the historical center of Siracusa, this 2700 year old city played a key and vital role in ancient times as it was one of the major powers in the Mediterranean world.
Ortigia’s most impressive architecture belongs to the Baroque period and the Duomo which was rebuilt after the 1693 earthquake is a vivid example. Remnants of this once stunning Greek temple of Athena is still visible, these massive Doric columns form the skeleton of the church, with a rustic touch yet they stand heroically and gracefully. The interior of the church has Byzantine, Norman and Spanish paintings, sculptures, windows, mosaics and flooring, reflecting its changing congregation over the centuries, I would say its a must destination.
Castello Maniace, a massive fortress built in the 13th century dangles at the southern tip of Ortigia, stands glistering in white against the Ionian sea.
This Tempio di Apollo built in the 7th century is thought to be the first of the great Doric temples built in Sicily and unfortunately not much has survived.
Ortigia, small and compact, being the historical heart of Siracusa is a living museum of a succession of the past. The narrow medieval streets make it easy and super pleasant to stroll around. It is certainly one of the most charming towns in Sicily.